Websites at Risk – Archiving information on human rights, governance and peace

Websites at risk

I created and launched Websites at risk yesterday as a simple yet effective means through which to archive information and knowledge produced on the web in Sri Lanka on human rights, peacebuilding and democratic governance.

This has been on my mind for a while ever since I was appalled to be told that the website of the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission (SLMM) completely shut down, without any notice, once it left Sri Lanka in early 2008. Everything on it – all their situation reports, press releases, CFA violations statistics, briefings and special reports are lost, perhaps irrevocably.

It’s this kind of information loss that is anathema in a peace process and for a serious scholar and historian of peace process, borders on the catastrophic.

As I note on the new blog,

A litany of issues is to blame. These range from an incumbent regime that is viciously intolerant of alternative narratives and perspectives on war and peace to a disturbing lack of awareness of, emphasis on and interest in securing information and knowledge for posterity by NGOs and other content producers, including governmental processes and actors. There is also a significant lack of any sort of business continuity planning amongst NGO and civil society actors in Sri Lanka. Most never learn, even when disaster strikes once.

Having archives of this nature is also helpful for students and researchers, since once downloaded, the entire contents of a website are available to browse offline, without any need for an Internet connection.

Design considerations

  • I chose WordPress because is is easily and effectively scaleable, is extremely reliable and not hosted in Sri Lanka.
  • I also chose it because it is much harder to block this specific site. The case of India after the Mumbai train blasts for example suggests that Governments are not averse to blocking entire blog sites. Doing so however guarantees international headlines – so it is hard to brush it under the carpet.
  • The WordPress database itself is kept as small as possible for easy portability.
  • No graphics at all are used in the site.
  • The archives are standard ZIP files that open on any PC – Windows, Mac or Linux.
  • All the archives are hosted on I bought a year’s worth of storage for around US$ 70 and uploaded the archives there. Considerations that weighed in favour of were ease of use, access, reliability, familiarity with the system, a good feature set and security at a relatively cheap cost. It also offers unlimited downloads for each file. also offers WordPress integration, which I haven’t leveraged at the moment.
  • The name chosen is also scaleable. Since the essential idea is a valuable one for other countries, the idea was that each country or region would use sitesatrisk and at the end plug in their name – e.g. sitesatriskuk, sitesatriskkosovo.

Please visit Websites at risk and pass the word around to colleagues who will I am sure find the information already archived on it useful for their research on issues central to peace and governance in Sri Lanka.

7 comments on “Websites at Risk – Archiving information on human rights, governance and peace

  1. Daniel D'Esposito
    April 5, 2008 at 2:34 am #

    Great idea, very simple and useful. Sanjana, how did you download the sites, what tool did you use?

    I guess the main protection is that major ISPs or web services like WordPress or the Box are harder to block or censor by governments.

    Another application of this tactic would be for an NGO with a vulnerable in-country ISP to crosspost their site content (reports, press releases) to a blog, just in case their main website gets blocked.

    Best, Daniel

  2. Sanjana Hattotuwa
    April 5, 2008 at 8:20 am #

    I use SiteSucker on my Mac – works on PPC as well as Intel variants. It’s free, so while there may be other tools out there (GUI as well as BASH command line options such as WGET) this one works fine for me. Doesn’t archive anything embedded in Flash or Javascript, which I guess are limitations, but not so much in the local context since all the websites are largely textual and HTML based.

  3. Sanjana Hattotuwa
    July 28, 2009 at 1:23 pm #


    If you ever come back to this thread, I also now use DeepVacuum – Works on sites that SiteSucker does not pull down successfully.



  1. Websites at Risk: New design and new content « ICT for Peacebuilding (ICT4Peace) - September 19, 2008

    […] been remiss at keeping my Websites at Risk initiative alive with regular archives. On the other hand, nothing much has changed on the websites I monitor […]

  2. Data loss whether you backup or not… « ICT for Peacebuilding (ICT4Peace) - March 30, 2009

    […] any easier. We already know that we are losing more information than we are archiving. Despite personal efforts to archive vital information online, I know that due to personal negligence and / or the through the actions of a repressive regime, […]

  3. Presidential election 2010: Archiving campaign websites of key candidates « ICT for Peacebuilding (ICT4Peace) - January 27, 2010

    […] I’ve written in detail about my Websites at risk initiative here. […]

  4. Websites the US Library of Congress and I are archiving « ICT for Peacebuilding (ICT4Peace) - May 31, 2010

    […] relatively little cost, I have endeavoured to archive sites that I have found useful in my work. Websites at Risk – Archiving information on human rights, governance and peace is a blog post that is anchored to, a unique web initiative in Sri […]

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: